Argentina’s legal system

Argentina’s legal system is a hybrid of civil law and common law. The principal sources of law are the Constitution of Argentina (approved in 1994), the Civil Code, the Commercial Code, the Penal Code, and the Code of Criminal Procedure. The judicial system is divided into federal, provincial and municipal courts. The Supreme Court of Justice of Argentina is the highest court in the country. It is composed of five chambers and is responsible for the review of appellate court decisions.

The Argentine legal system is based on the civil law tradition but has incorporated elements from other legal systems, including the French Civil Code, the German Civil Code, and the common law. It is divided into public law (which regulates the government and its relations with individuals) and private law (which regulates the relations between individuals). The public law is divided into constitutional, administrative, and criminal law.

The legal profession in Argentina is divided into two branches: advocates and attorneys. Advocates are trained in law and can represent clients in court, while attorneys are specialised in legal advice and can be consulted for legal advice.

The Constitution of Argentina is the supreme law of the country and protects the fundamental rights of citizens. The Constitution guarantees the right to privacy, freedom of speech, freedom of religion, freedom of association, and the right to a fair trial. It also establishes a system of checks and balances between the three branches of government.

The civil law system in Argentina is based on the French Civil Code, which was adopted in 1869. This system is composed of several codes, including the Civil Code, Commercial Code, Code of Civil Procedure, and the Penal Code.

The criminal law system in Argentina is based on the Penal Code, which was adopted in 1921 and amended in 2006. It establishes the punishments for various types of crimes, including misdemeanours and felonies. It also establishes the procedures for criminal trials and sets out the rights of criminal defendants.

The Argentine legal system is influenced by both Spanish and French legal traditions. It is also influenced by Roman law, which is still used in many areas of the law. The legal system is constantly evolving and adapting to changing social, economic, and political conditions in the country.