Belarus’ legal system

Belarus is a country in Eastern Europe with a unitary presidential republic system of government. The legal system of Belarus is based on civil law and is strongly influenced by the legal systems of other former Soviet Union countries.

The Belarusian Constitution is the main source of law in Belarus, and all other laws must be consistent with it. The Constitution of Belarus is divided into five parts, including the General Principles of State and Legal Activity (Part One), the Rights and Freedoms of Persons and Citizens (Part Two), the Organization of the State System (Part Three), the System of Economic Organizations (Part Four), and the System of International Relations (Part Five).

The judiciary in Belarus is divided into two branches: the general court system and the Supreme Court. The general court system includes the local, regional, and appellate courts. The Supreme Court is the highest court in the country and is in charge of hearing appeals from the lower courts.

The legal profession in Belarus is regulated by the Ministry of Justice and the Bar Association. Attorneys in Belarus must have a law degree, pass a bar exam, and complete an apprenticeship with a practicing attorney.

The legal system in Belarus also includes a specialized court system that handles offenses related to economic crimes, international crimes, and military offenses. There is also a separate court system for administrative offenses.

Belarus is a party to several international treaties related to human rights and other matters, including the European Convention on Human Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and the International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights.