Cambodia is a civil law jurisdiction that operates under a written legal system. Its legal system is based on the French civil code and is heavily influenced by the traditional concepts and practices of the Khmer people. The Cambodian Constitution is the supreme law of the land and provides a framework for government institutions and the rule of law. The legal system is divided into three main branches, namely the executive, legislative, and judicial branches.
The executive branch is responsible for enforcing the law, issuing regulations and supervising public administration. The legislative branch is responsible for making laws and regulations, while the judicial branch is responsible for interpreting and applying the law. The Supreme Court is the highest court in Cambodia and is responsible for interpreting and applying the Constitution.
Cambodia’s legal system is also heavily influenced by international law, particularly in areas such as human rights, trade, and international investment. The country is a member of the United Nations and is a party to various international treaties and conventions, such as the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.
Cambodia also has a number of specialized courts, such as the Court of Appeal, the Administrative Court, and the Military Court. In addition, there are several other specialized tribunals and courts, such as the Labor Tribunal, the Land Disputes Tribunal, and the Environmental Disputes Tribunal.
The Cambodian legal system is also home to a number of non-governmental organizations and other civil society groups that provide legal advice, advocacy, and representation to those in need. These organizations, such as the Cambodian Center for Human Rights and the International Commission of Jurists, are essential for the protection of human rights and the promotion of the rule of law in Cambodia.