Chad’s legal system

Chad is a civil law country with a legal system that is largely based on the French legal system. The legal system is divided into two main categories: civil law and criminal law.

Civil law in Chad is based on the Napoleonic Code, which is a set of laws and regulations established in 1804 by Napoleon Bonaparte. The main sources of civil law in Chad are the Civil Code, the Code of Civil Procedure, and the Commercial Code. These codes regulate matters such as inheritance, contracts, and family law.

Criminal law in Chad is based on the Penal Code, which is a set of laws and regulations established in 1969. The Penal Code contains provisions dealing with crimes such as murder, theft, fraud, and drug offenses. The Code of Criminal Procedure regulates the investigation and prosecution of criminal offenses.

The judicial system in Chad is divided into three main levels: the Supreme Court, the Court of Appeals, and the lower courts. Judges in Chad are appointed by the President of Chad. The Supreme Court is the highest court in the country and is responsible for interpreting the laws of Chad. The Court of Appeals hears appeals from the lower courts.

The legal system in Chad is also subject to the influence of traditional or customary law, which is based on the unwritten laws and customs of the various ethnic groups in the country. Traditional law is often used to settle disputes between individuals in rural areas.