The legal system in the Dominican Republic is based on a civil law system, which is heavily influenced by both Spanish and French legal systems. The Dominican Republic Constitution serves as the highest law of the land and is the foundation for all other laws and regulations. Laws are made by the Congress, which is the legislative branch of the government.
The judicial branch of the Dominican Republic is the Supreme Court. This court is the highest court in the country and is responsible for interpreting the law and deciding on cases. The Supreme Court is divided into two chambers: the Civil Chamber and the Penal Chamber.
The Dominican Republic has a two-tiered court system. The first tier is composed of the Courts of First Instance, which handle all civil and criminal cases. The second tier is composed of the Courts of Appeals, which handle appeals from the lower court decisions.
The Dominican Republic also has a number of specialized courts to handle specific types of disputes. These include labor courts, family courts, maritime courts, and bankruptcy courts.
The Dominican Republic has a mixed legal system, which combines both civil and common law. This makes it difficult for citizens to understand their rights and obligations. As a result, the country has a strong legal system that is both accessible and efficient.