El Salvador’s legal system is based on a civil law system, which is derived from Spanish law. The Constitution of El Salvador is the highest source of law in the country, and the judicial system is divided into the Supreme Court of Justice, the Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court, and the other courts of the judicial system.
The Supreme Court of Justice is the highest court in El Salvador, and is composed of 15 judges, who are appointed by the Legislative Assembly. The Supreme Court is responsible for interpreting and implementing the Constitution, as well as hearing cases related to civil, commercial, labor, criminal, and administrative matters. The Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court is a special court that has the authority to review and decide on issues related to the Constitution.
The other courts of the judicial system in El Salvador include the Courts of First Instance, which are divided into Civil and Criminal Courts. These courts are responsible for hearing civil and criminal cases, respectively. The Courts of Appeal are divided into Courts of Appeal in Civil and Criminal Matters, and hear appeals from the Courts of First Instance. The Supreme Court of Justice also hears appeals from the Courts of Appeal.
The legal system in El Salvador also includes the Attorney General’s Office, which is responsible for representing the interests of the State in civil, criminal, and administrative matters. The Attorney General is appointed by the Legislative Assembly and serves a four-year term.