Gabon’s legal system

Gabon is a civil law country located in Central Africa. The legal system of Gabon is based on the French legal system. The country’s constitution, which was adopted in 1991, is the supreme law of the land.

The Gabonese legal system is divided into three main branches: civil law, criminal law, and administrative law. Civil law deals with the rights and obligations of private citizens and businesses. It is based on the French Civil Code and includes matters such as contracts, property, and family law.

Criminal law is the branch of law that deals with crimes and their punishments. It is based on the French Penal Code. It includes offenses such as murder, assault, and theft.

Administrative law is the branch of law that deals with the government’s relationship with its citizens. It includes matters such as taxation, public services, and the regulation of business activities.

The court system in Gabon is divided into three levels: the Supreme Court, the Court of Appeals, and the lower courts. The Supreme Court is the highest court in the country and is responsible for hearing cases involving constitutional issues. The Court of Appeals hears appeals from the lower courts.

The Gabonese legal system also includes a variety of specialized courts, such as the High Court of Justice, the Commercial Court, and the Labor Court. These courts have jurisdiction over specialized matters such as business disputes, labor disputes, and claims against the government.

Overall, the Gabonese legal system is based on the French system, but it has been adapted to meet the needs of the Gabonese people. It is an important part of Gabon’s legal infrastructure and helps to ensure the protection of citizens’ rights and the smooth functioning of the country’s economy.