Guatemala’s legal system

Guatemala’s legal system is based on civil law, which is a type of legal system that is based on a comprehensive set of written codes and laws. The country’s constitution was adopted in 1985 and is currently in force. It is the highest ranking law in the country and serves as the basis for all other legislation.

The judicial branch of the Guatemalan government is divided into two distinct systems: the civil and the military. The civil system includes the Supreme Court of Justice, the Court of Appeals, the Constitutional Court, the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation, and the Supreme Court of Accounts. The military system includes the Supreme Court of Military Justice, the Military Court of Appeals, and the Supreme Military Tribunal.

The government of Guatemala is divided into three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial. The executive branch is led by the president and is responsible for the implementation of laws and the management of the government. The legislative branch is made up of the Congress, which is responsible for creating laws. The judicial branch is responsible for interpreting and applying laws.

The Guatemalan legal system is based on a civil code, which is a set of laws that govern the most common legal matters, such as contracts, family law, criminal law, and property law. The civil code also governs corporate law, labor law, immigration, and taxation.

Guatemala is also a signatory of several international treaties, including the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and the International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights. These treaties are enforced by the government and are binding on all Guatemalans.