Guinea is a republic located in western Africa. The legal system of Guinea is based on the French Civil Law system, with some influence from customary laws. The Constitution of 2010 is the supreme law of the land, and the subsequent legal structure is composed of the executive, legislative, and judicial branches.
The executive branch is headed by the President who is also the Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces and is elected by popular vote. The legislative branch is composed of a unicameral National Assembly, elected by universal suffrage. The judicial branch is composed of the Supreme Court of Guinea and various lower courts.
The judiciary is independent of the executive and legislative branches, and is charged with interpreting the laws of the land. The Supreme Court is the highest court in the country and its judgments are final. The lower courts are divided into three categories: civil, commercial, and criminal.
The legal profession in Guinea is regulated by the Council of Notaries, Bar Associations, and Law Societies. The country is party to several international treaties related to human rights and economic and social issues.