Hungary’s legal system

The legal system of Hungary is based on civil law, which is derived from the Roman-Germanic legal tradition. The legal system is composed of several sources of law, including the Constitution of Hungary, Parliament Acts, and European Union law. The highest court in Hungary is the Curia, which is the Supreme Court of Hungary. The court is made up of the President of the Curia, the Constitutional Court, and the Supreme Court of Public Administration.

The Constitution of Hungary is the supreme law of the country, and it provides the framework for the entire legal system. It defines the structure of the government and the rights and duties of citizens. It also sets out the principles of equality, non-discrimination, and human rights.

The Parliament Acts are secondary laws enacted by the Parliament of Hungary. These laws are subordinate to the Constitution, and they provide more detailed rules on specific matters. They are divided into three categories: civil laws, criminal laws, and administrative laws.

European Union law also has an impact on the Hungarian legal system. Hungary is a member of the European Union, and its national laws must be in line with the rules and regulations of the EU. This includes laws on human rights, labor rights, environmental protection, and consumer protection.