Italy’s legal system

The legal system in Italy is based on civil law and is heavily influenced by Roman law, the Napoleonic Code, and the French civil code. The Constitution of Italy is the country’s supreme law and is divided into three parts: the Fundamental Principles, the Rights and Duties of the Citizen, and the Forms of the State.

The courts in Italy are organized into three distinct categories: civil, criminal, and administrative. The civil court system is composed of the Supreme Court of Cassation, the Court of Appeal, the Regional Administrative Court, and the Court of Arbitration. The criminal courts are the Supreme Court of Cassation, the Court of Appeal, and the Court of Assizes. The administrative courts are the Council of State, the Regional Administrative Courts, the Court of Audit, and the Administrative Tribunals.

Italy is a member of the European Union, which has its own court, the European Court of Justice. This court is responsible for ensuring that European Union law is applied uniformly in all member states.

Italy’s legal system is also subject to international conventions and treaties, including those related to human rights, the environment, and international trade. The country is a signatory to the European Convention on Human Rights, the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women, and the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.