Latvia is a parliamentary republic with a legal system based on civil law. The Constitution of Latvia is the supreme law of the country, and its legal system is closely related to that of the other European Union countries. The system is based on the principles of democracy, the rule of law, and the protection of human rights.
The Latvian legal system is comprised of a three-tier court system, which includes the Constitutional Court, Supreme Court, and Regional Courts. The Constitutional Court is the highest judicial body in the country, and it is responsible for deciding disputes between the government and citizens, as well as interpreting the Constitution.
The Supreme Court is the highest court in all matters of civil, criminal, and administrative law. It is also responsible for hearing appeals from lower courts. The Regional Courts are the courts of first instance, and they are responsible for hearing civil and criminal cases.
The Latvian legal system is also guided by a series of written codes, including a Civil Code, Criminal Code, and Administrative Code. These codes are based on the principles of modern European law, and are regularly updated to reflect the changing needs of society.
Latvia also has a number of specialized courts, such as the Commercial Court and the Administrative Courts. These courts are responsible for hearing disputes related to specific areas of law, such as business or administrative law.
In addition to the courts, Latvia also has a number of other legal institutions, such as the Prosecutor’s Office, the Legal Aid Center, and the Bar Association. These institutions are responsible for ensuring that the laws of the country are upheld and that justice is served.