Lithuania’s legal system

Lithuania is a civil law country and its legal system is based on the continental European system. The main sources of law in Lithuania are the Constitution, international treaties, and laws. The Constitution is the highest legal act in Lithuania and it includes the fundamental principles of the legal system.

The legislative branch of the Lithuanian government is responsible for creating laws. The Seimas (Parliament) is the highest legislative body in the country and is responsible for making, amending and repealing laws.

The executive branch of the government is responsible for implementing laws and carrying out the decisions of the Seimas. It consists of the President of the Republic and the Government, which consists of the Prime Minister and the Ministers.

The judicial branch is responsible for interpreting and applying laws. The Supreme Court is the highest court in the Lithuanian legal system and is responsible for the uniform application of laws. The Supreme Court also has the power to review and overturn lower court decisions.

The Lithuanian legal system is based on the principles of the rule of law, separation of powers, and judicial review. In addition, Lithuania has adopted a number of international treaties and conventions that are binding on all legal persons in the country.