Mozambique’s legal system

Mozambique is a country located in Southeast Africa. It has a legal system based on civil law, with strong Portuguese influences. The legal system of Mozambique is divided into two distinct branches, the judicial branch and the legislative branch.

The judicial branch is made up of the Supreme Court of Mozambique, which is the highest court in the country, as well as various tribunals and courts of appeal. The Supreme Court is located in the capital city of Maputo and is responsible for interpreting the laws and deciding on cases brought before it. The other courts in the system include the Constitutional Court, Courts of Appeal, District Courts, and Provincial Courts.

The legislative branch is responsible for creating laws and other regulations in the country. This is done by the Parliament of Mozambique, which is the primary legislative body in the country. The Parliament is composed of two chambers, the National Assembly and the Senate, which together make up the bicameral legislature. The National Assembly is the lower house and is responsible for making laws, while the Senate is the upper house and is responsible for discussing, debating, and approving laws.

The legal system of Mozambique is also influenced by customary law, which is based on the customs and traditions of local communities. Customary law is not part of the formal legal system, but it is still an important part of the legal system in Mozambique.

The Constitution of Mozambique is the highest law in the country and is the basis for the legal system. The Constitution sets out the rights and responsibilities of citizens and establishes the government of Mozambique. It also outlines the roles and powers of the legislative, executive, and judicial branches.

The legal system of Mozambique is complex, and it is constantly changing due to the influence of both Portuguese and customary law. It is important to have a good understanding of the system in order to get the most out of it.