Norway’s legal system

The legal system of Norway is based on a civil law system that adheres to the principles of jus commune, the European legal tradition. It is based on a Constitution of Norway adopted in 1814 and amended in the years since.

The law is divided into two main branches: public law and private law. Public law deals with the relationship between the individual and the state, including matters such as criminal law, administrative law, and constitutional law. Private law governs the relationships between individuals, such as contract law, family law, and tort law.

The courts in Norway are divided into two tiers. The Supreme Court of Norway is the highest court of appeal and is the final court of appeal for all criminal and civil cases. The other courts are the District Courts, the Appeal Courts, and the Courts of Conciliation.

The legal system in Norway is based on the principle of access to justice, which is enshrined in the Constitution. This means that everyone has the right to a fair and public hearing in a court of justice. The Norwegian court system has a system of legal aid and advice, making it possible for people to access legal services regardless of their financial circumstances.