Poland has a civil law system based on the continental European model. This means that the law is largely codified and that judicial decisions are made based on the interpretation of the law as expressed in written statutes. The legal system is based on the principles of the Polish Constitution, which was adopted in 1997.
The main source of law in Poland is the Constitution. The Constitution sets out the framework of the government, rights of citizens, and the relationship between the state and its citizens. It also serves as the basis for the interpretation of other laws.
The second source of law in Poland is the statutory law. This includes laws and regulations passed by the Polish Parliament, as well as international treaties that Poland is a party to. The Constitutional Court has the power to review the constitutionality of laws passed by the Parliament.
The third source of law in Poland is common law. This includes judicial decisions made by the courts, as well as customs and practices developed by the people over time.
The fourth source of law in Poland is the European Union law. This includes the Treaties of the European Union, as well as the regulations and directives of the European Union. Poland is a member of the European Union, and thus must adhere to EU law.
In addition, Poland has a number of specialized courts that deal with specific areas of the law, such as labor law, family law, and tax law. The Supreme Court is the highest court of appeal, and hears cases on all matters of law.