Romania’s legal system

Romania has a civil law system based on the Napoleonic Code. It is a continental legal system with influences from German, Austrian, and French civil law systems. The Romanian legal system is composed of the legislative branch, the executive branch, and the judicial branch.

The legislative branch is responsible for enacting laws, which are subsequently enforced by the executive branch. The primary source of law is the Constitution, which was adopted in 1991 and amended in 2003 to bring it in line with the standards of the European Union.

The judicial branch is composed of the Supreme Court of Cassation, which is the highest court in the country, and other lower courts. The Supreme Court of Cassation is the court of last resort and is responsible for the interpretation of laws.

The court system in Romania is divided into three parts: civil, criminal, and administrative. Civil law deals with disputes between private citizens, criminal law deals with criminal offenses, and administrative law deals with disputes between public authorities and private citizens.

The legal profession in Romania is regulated by the National Council of the Romanian Bar Association.