Russia’s legal system

The legal system of the Russian Federation is a civil law system based on principles of Roman law. It is a legal system composed of three branches of government: the legislative, executive, and judicial. The Constitution of the Russian Federation, adopted on December 12, 1993, is the supreme law of the country and serves as the foundation of the legal system.

Legislative Branch
The legislative branch is responsible for creating the laws of the Russian Federation. The bicameral Federal Assembly consists of the Council of Federation (upper house) and the State Duma (lower house).

Executive Branch
The executive branch is responsible for implementing the laws and regulations of the Russian Federation. It is headed by the President, who is elected by popular vote. There are also various ministries and agencies that are responsible for carrying out the laws and regulations.

Judicial Branch
The judicial branch is responsible for interpreting and applying the laws and regulations of the Russian Federation. The Supreme Court is the highest court in the land and is the final arbiter of justice. There are also regional courts and other specialized courts.