The legal system of Ukraine is based on the civil law system and is codified in the Constitution of Ukraine. The Ukrainian legal system is a mixture of civil and common law, with the Civil Code of Ukraine being the primary source of law. The judiciary is independent and is composed of the Constitutional Court, the Supreme Court, and the High Specialized Court for Civil and Criminal Cases.
The Constitution of Ukraine serves as the supreme law of the country and outlines the fundamentals of the government and its relationship with the citizens. It is supplemented by the Civil Code of Ukraine, which contains the main body of civil law, and by other codes and laws on specific subjects.
The Ukrainian legal system is based on principles of human rights, the rule of law, and the separation of powers. Laws are created by the parliament, the Verkhovna Rada, which also has the power to amend the Constitution.
Ukraine has a three-tier court system, composed of the Constitutional Court, the Supreme Court, and the High Specialized Court for Civil and Criminal Cases. The Constitutional Court is the highest court in the country, and is responsible for interpreting the Constitution and determining whether laws are constitutional. The Supreme Court is the highest court of appeal and is responsible for hearing appeals from lower courts. The High Specialized Court for Civil and Criminal Cases is the highest court of first instance and is responsible for hearing civil and criminal cases.