The legal system of Uzbekistan is based on a civil law system with the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan as the foundation of its legal system. The country is divided into 12 provinces, each of which has its own court system. The Constitution, which was adopted in 1992, is the supreme law of the country, and all laws must comply with it.
The judicial system in Uzbekistan is made up of the Supreme Court and local courts. The Supreme Court is the highest court of appeal and is responsible for interpreting and applying the law. It is made up of 18 judges appointed by the President of Uzbekistan.
The local courts are divided into two types: people’s courts and economic courts. People’s courts are responsible for civil and criminal cases, while economic courts handle civil and economic disputes. Both types of courts hear appeals from lower courts.
The legal system in Uzbekistan is based on Islamic law and the country has adopted a number of laws based on Sharia law. The majority of the population is Muslim, and Islamic law is seen as the basis for many of the country’s laws. Muslim clerics and scholars are consulted in some cases and religious leaders are allowed to serve as judges in certain Islamic courts.
The Uzbek government has also adopted a number of international conventions and treaties, including the European Convention on Human Rights. It is also a member of the United Nations and other international organizations.