The legal system of Venezuela is based on a civil law system that is derived from Spanish law and influenced by French law. The Constitution of Venezuela is the highest source of law in the country. It is divided into a preamble, nine titles, 320 articles, and seven transitory provisions. The titles are: Fundamental Principles, Rights and Guarantees, Public Powers, Political Organization of the Republic, Economy and Finances, Social and Cultural Development, National Defense, Constitutional Amendment, and Transitory and Final Provisions.
The legal system of Venezuela is based on the principle of separation of powers, with the executive, legislative, and judicial branches all playing a part in the regulation and enforcement of laws. The executive branch is headed by the President of Venezuela, who is elected by the people and responsible for the implementation of laws and the management of the government, while the legislative branch is composed of the National Assembly, which is responsible for making and passing laws. The judicial branch is composed of the Supreme Court of Justice, which serves as the highest court of appeals in Venezuela and is responsible for interpreting the law and hearing appeals from lower court decisions.
The Venezuelan legal system also includes the Public Prosecution Service, which is responsible for prosecuting criminal cases and safeguarding the interests of the state and society. The legal system also includes the Office of the Comptroller General, which is responsible for overseeing the financial and administrative operations of the government.
Venezuela is a member of the World Trade Organization and an observer state of the Organization of American States, and its laws must comply with the respective regulations and obligations of these international organizations.